Sneha Tejwani-Graduation , Persuing MBA at Thakur Institue of Management Studies & Research , Mumbai
“There never was my religion or yours, my national religion or your national religion; there never existed many religions, there is only the one. One Infinite Religion existed all through eternity and will ever exist, and this Religion is expressing itself in various countries, in various ways.” Swami Vivekananda
Religious harmony is the sine qua non of a pluralistic society such as ours. Guarding and strengthening this core ideal, upon which our policy is based, requires ceaseless vigilance. Nearly six hundred years ago, the saint Kabir blended the mystic aspects of the various religious traditions of our country, and provided to later generations a sense of what we would today call Unity in Diversity. Among his many luminous ‘dohas’, Kabir had urged each of us to find within ourselves the spark of goodness or genius to inspire everyone.
The Constitution of India is committed to preserve, promote and defend the secular, pluralistic, socialist and democratic values. But unfortunately the polity of the country, perused power politics of hate and misinformation campaign for electoral gains, resulting in divisive politics of setting one community against the others. Never has been the question of communal disharmony and social disintegration raised to such a wide range of emotions as of today. Communal tensions in India has been mounting year after and fundamental and anti national groups are engaging themselves to reap the harvest of hatred among the communities by encouraging the politics of vote banks at the cost of nation’s disintegration.
Communal disharmony and conflicts are fuelled by fear, suspicion and hatred. It depends on local conditions whether the division expresses itself along religious, economic, political, caste or color lines. Whatever be the form, insecurity is perhaps the major cause of individual and social dissensions. The societies, individuals and specially youth must rise above fear, jealousy and hate. When such individuals combine themselves into a community, the problem of communal jealousy and discord will disappear. The positive assertive role of both majority and minority communities to lessen the fear, hatred and suspicion is essential to generate communal harmony.
One of the main problems about religion is its diversity. Not only there are several religions but they differ from one another in many ways. Further each claims to show the right way of life, each claims to provide supreme peace and fulfillment. Diversity of religion however is not merely a philosophical problem. It has immense social, cultural and political consequences. Differences among religions have been one of the main causes of wars and communal history all through human history.
At present we are living in age of corruptions, greed, conflicts, violence & terrorism, which is known as ‘Kali Yuga’ i.e. Age of darkness & impurities, which is an extremely explosive troubled times where the context of human life is changing every moment.
Civilization’s Crisis in the 21st Century:
The problems faced by humanity are many but the most pressing are or the problems of meeting the basic needs of the vast majority of the people removal of illiteracy and the gap between the rich and poor.
1. Threats To The Environment
2. The Threat of Increasing Population
3. The Threat of Increasing Poverty
4. The Threat of human survival
5. The Cultural threat of Human values
Can we overcome these crises through a focus on human values and ethics? Yes, we can by some changes in the way we live and the way we think.
Globalization & Transition of Values:
There is a transition from ‘Vasudheva Kutumbkam’ to globalization, which has changed the concept of values in present day education system & in the society. The present world is faced with many urgent problems – such as political, economical, educational, social & cultural problems due to deteriorations of values.
Human values (cultural, moral & spiritual values) are eroding at very fast rate resulting in declining the quality of life of the people. At the dawn of the new millennium, what is required most is ‘Jainism philosophy & Values of Nonviolence & Non-Possession for Self development, business survival & growth.
In the age of globalization, we have to reaffirm faith in Indian ethos. The ethical principles of Jainism prescribe a code of conduct, which requires an individual to be an ideal person with nonviolence as the foundation of his life not only from the Indian context but also universally in this 21st century To meet these challenges & to save the humanity from further destruction we have to change our attitude from ‘Culture of Materialism’ to ‘Culture of Spiritualism,’ & we have to change our attitude of possession to non-possession.
This is a real agenda, ‘Agenda of Social Transformation through ‘Ethics & Nonviolence’ and this is a two-fold task of:
1. Creating a Social Ethical Consciousness i.e. ‘Social Transformation for Nonviolence Attitude & lifestyle ‘ through self-transformation by the Principles ‘Ahimsa’ Nonviolence & ‘Aparigraha’- Non-Possession.
2. Creating a Global Peace Consciousness – ‘World Transformation ‘ based on principles of Ahimsa, Compassion, forgiveness, friendship, tolerance& equality etc (jiyo aur Jino do, parasparopragrahajivanam. ·
Need of an ‘Aparigraha’- Non-Possession for Social Change Social change is a universal phenomenon and it occurs in every society. Change is inevitable and it takes place in all fields. The term ‘Social change’ is often used to describe variations in, or, modifications of any respect of social process, social patterns, social interaction or social organization. Great thinkers emerged from various societies induce social change. Lord Mahavira advocated overcoming vices like anger greed etc. and recommended the practice of certain virtues. The ethical principles of Jainism prescribe a code of conduct, which requires an individual to be an ideal person with nonviolence as the foundation of his life. The concept of Aparigraha Non-Possession is the concept for environmental Protection& for social change. First eight verses of Sūtŗkrtāńga describe the concept of Aparigraha and its importance in achieving the ultimate objective in life i.e. liberation. ·
Jainism- India’s greatest spiritual gift to the world! Jainism is one of the world’s oldest religions, which is originating in India, dates before 3000B.C. Jainism has been rightly called ethical religion, which is applicable and relevant today as it was 2500 years ago. It lays great stress on good conduct. Jainism was made into a popular religion by Mahavira (599 BC), the 24th Thirthankara of Jainism.