Name: Sandesh Anant Ghag.
Educational Qualification: M.M.S. , pursuing MBA at AMSIMR – Aruna Manharlal Shah Institute Of Management and Research, Ghatkopar West, Mumbai , INDIA

INDIA: The Land of Religious Harmony

INDIA is great country. Her civilization is vast and varied. Her history is full of events. She was known to outside world from early times. In the East, she received respect as land of wisdom. In the West, she rose to fame as a land of wealth. Through ages, the glories of India found place in world history. India is one of the most diverse places in the world geographically, religiously, culturally, and lingually. Religiously Hinduism, the largest religion in India accounts for 80% of the population; Islam, the second largest religion, accounts for 13% of the population; Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism taken together account for 3% of the population; and Christianity accounts for 2% of the population. Other religions such as Zoroastrianism and Judaism, have a centuries long history in India. India occupies as favourable position in the Geography of the East. She is like the centre of gravity of the Asian Continent. There is as chain of smaller States like Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Arabia, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey to her north-west. There is another chain of smaller states to her southeast such as Burma, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia. India thus commands as political advantage for her geographical position. India is divided into four broad natural divisions. First is the Himalayan Region, extending from the high mountains towards the swampy jungles down. Kashmir, Kangara, Tehri, Kumaun, Nepal, Sikkim and Bhutan are included in this region. The second is the great Northern plains from the Punjab to Bengal, called as the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The fertile valleys of the Indus and its tributaries, and alluvial lands watered by the Ganges, Yamuna and Brahmaputra, make this region the most productive and most populated. The third region is the Central Indian and Deccan Plateau. It is geologically the oldest part of India. The Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats stand only two sides of the Deccan. The fourth divisions contain the two long narrow coastal plains of South India between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea on one side, and between the Eastern Ghats and Bay of Bengal on the other.

Need of religious harmony in India.
‘Peace is not something you wish for, It’s something you Make , something you do, something you are and something you give away….’ -John Lennon.
George Bernard Shaw says ‘Religion is a great force – the only real motive force in the world’. There is a common misconception that religion means ritualistic religion and nothing else. The word religion actually means laws, both natural and moral, that ensure right living .Religion stands for an integral development of the personality, a comprehensive view of life.
Incarnations, Saints, Prophets and Sages have appeared in different parts of the world from time to time in order to teach men how to live in harmony. These great souls, on the basis of personal experience explained the essential ideals and values in life and taught how they can be achieved. In addition to their moral and spiritual teachings, almost all the religious teachers and reformers of the world gave out a plan and a system of their own on which human society would best be organized .It was thus that every faith helped to establish customs and conventions, with rites and rituals, amongst the communities of mankind and gave birth to a particular type of civilization and culture which naturally differed from others. This is how different religions came into existence.

Today we all are at the verge of atomic destruction and when everybody is busy in the mad rat race of materialistic pursuit, religious harmony will be a relief .We should make an effort to peep into the prominent religions of the world and find out a secular message for the man kind .Our aim should be to enlighten and educate the masses about all the religions, so that the message of universal brotherhood is spread throughout the world.
There is a strong need to collectively strive on various aspects for substantial results towards religious harmony across the globe.

Key 1: Meeting the Basic Needs of Humankind
There are many factors that lead to our world improving, and a gain in any one of these factors makes it easier to achieve gains across all others. We are, in essence, spiraling towards a better world at an increasing pace. The better our world becomes, the more we will be able to meet the basic needs of every human.
Many leading futurists believe we have begun the upward climb, meaning over the next few decades we will be seeing an almost unfathomable rate of technological development, and much of this new technology will be used to improve the lives of people all around the world. This technology, especially when combined with the other areas of world improvement, will allow us to meet the basic needs of all the world’s people, spelling the end of extreme poverty forever.
Poverty, especially extreme poverty and the associated suffering, is a root grievance that contributes to conflict and war. When no one lives in the desperation of extreme poverty, when no one is starving to death, it will be much easier to find a world of peace.
Already we can see signs of things to come. Global poverty has been on the decline for centuries, and our world today is the most peaceful it has ever been in modern human history (as confirmed by The World Bank and the Human Security Center)

Key 2: Shifting the Power to the People
These communities we’ve been building are unleashing the yet untapped power of humankind. Humans, united on such a massive scale, are more powerful than corporations or governments. When we combine the size and might of our global communities with instant messaging and the power to mobilize to action in real time, we become the ultimate force of the planet.
New technological and social developments are constantly shifting the balance of power into the hands of the world’s people, and we will use this power to make our world a better place… a world of prosperity, equality and peace for all.
One of the most important steps towards world peace will be an affront on the entity primarily responsible for institutionalized war in our world – the Military Industrial Complex. The Military Industrial Complex – aka The War Machine – is the trillion-dollar a year entity that profits from the wars around the world, and therefore has a vested interest in perpetuating conflict on earth.
In a struggle that will parallel the fight against big tobacco, we will hold these death dealers accountable for the damage they’ve done to our people and planet. We will dismantle the war machine and condemn it as a relic of an era gone by. We will use litigation to take the profits away from the arms makers. We will use our voices and solidarity to prohibit our governments from waging wars we no longer support. We will harness our powers of community to sway the “hearts and minds” of those who still think that war and violence are feasible solutions to any problem.

Key 3: Increasing Interconnectedness Between All of Humankind
Along with allowing us to meet the basic needs of the world’s people, technology also brings unprecedented powers of communication and community building. Our world is uniting like never before. Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, FourSquare, Instant Messaging, Chatroulette, message boards, blogs… the Internet has provided us with a wealth of new means of dialogue, and dialogue is one of the most important steps in the peacebuilding process.
Just getting people to talk is the first step towards peace. Our new tools of communication are bridging gaps, forming channels of dialogue between warring parties that allow non-violent means of interaction. As well, dialogue can rehumanize an enemy, helping to break through the dehumanizing propaganda that paints the other side as being evil, irrational demons. When enemies become human again, it is much harder to take up arms against them.
The unifying power of the Internet will continue to spread around the world, bringing more and more of us towards what many people call The Global Village, which is a conceptual way to identify ourselves as part of the world’s community.
ust look at this graph showing the growth of Facebook… 350 million users, and growing larger every day. Today, only 25 percent of the world has the Internet. In a few years, this number will double… and in a few more years, virtually everyone on earth will be connected.
The Internet is drawing our otherwise unconnected groups into a sharing community, bringing us together like never before. With each new day, more and more people are integrating themselves into the new paradigm, where our common humanity takes precedence over our superficial differences. As this trend continues, we will no longer have entire groups willing to fight each other, because we will view the members of those other groups as part of our own extended families.
World Peace Really is Coming!
All of these factors – a consistently improving world, humankind uniting like never before, and harnessing the power of the world’s people – will, over the next two decades, culminate in something that has eluded us for so long: an end to institutionalized war.
One of the biggest obstacles to achieving peace has been our belief. Having the belief – seeing the real potential of a peaceful future – is a vital part of world peace coming true.
Over the next few years, the rationally optimistic message that world peace is coming will spread, and we can expect a revolution of optimism to take hold of our planet as more and more of us become aware of how we truly are on the brink of world peace.

The basic unity of India rests only the following factors:
Firstly, from a remote past, the geographical India has been thought of as one country. The ancient seers gave the name of Bharatvarsha to the whole land. All the people were described as Bharata-Santati or the children of Bharat. This created as mental unity among the people. The prophets, preachers, philosophers and poets always thought of India as one. This influenced people everywhere.

Secondly, the people were thought to respect their country as of faith. The Himalayas and the Vindyas were regarded sacred. The river Ganges was worshipped as “Mother Ganges”. The people had to remember the great rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Sarswati, Narmada, Sindhu and Kaberi almost as a daily duty. In his lifetime, every Indian hoped to been visit the four holy places at the farthest ends of India. They were Badrinath only Himalayas, Rameswar of Kumarika, and Dwaraka on the western coast and Puri only the eastern coast. Even after death bones of an Indian are deposited in the holy water of Ganges and Yamuna at Prayag- as central place of the sub-continent. Such systems made the people deeply attached to their motherland.
Thirdly, the rulers of ancient times aimed at the ideal of becoming as Chakravarti King. To become a Chakravarti, one was required to conquer “thousands yojanas of land that stretch from the Himalaya to the Sea”. Inspired by this ideal, great heroes tried to unite India politically. Chandra gupta Maurya, Asoka, Samudra gupta and Harsha attempted this in ancient times. As the tradition continued, Muslim rulers like Allaudin, Akbar and Aurangzeb and the Hindu Peshwa BajiRao tried for the same medieval time. Finally, the British followed the legacy and united India in modern times. Thus India’s political unity remained as goal at all times.

Fourthly, there developed as linguistic unity from remote times. At first, Prakrit was like a lingua franca in India. In far corners, of the land Asoka’s inscriptions were written in Prakrit. Later on, Sanskrit became the all-India language among learned. As common language worked as a strong bond of unity.
Fifthly, the Indian religions were meant for all people of India .The Vedas, Purans and great Epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata dominated the Indian thought everywhere. Whether in Kashmir or at Kumarika, at Taxila or Tamil land, Gujarat or Assam the epics provided lessons to the learned and the common people all alike. The society thus derived certain basic values from as common source.

Sixthly, there grew as cultural unity among the people through common faiths, philosophies, literature and art. Many religious and social ceremonies took as common pattern. Art and architecture, with local differences served a common purpose. For example, places of worship or images could look different from place to place, but everywhere they served the same need. Thus, as common culture promoted unity.

Finally, the history of India provided as sense of unity to the people of India. People cherished the memories of India’s spiritual leader, political heroes and men of letters. The glories of the past worked as a source of pride. As the descendants of great ancestors, and heirs to splendid civilizations, the people developed their faith in oneness.