Nidhi Patel – T.Y.BBI , Persuing MBA at Thakur Institue of Management Studies & Research , Mumbai
What is religion? „Religion is a great force – the only real motive force in the world‟. There is a common misconception that religion means ritualistic religion and nothing else. The word religion actually means laws, both natural and moral, that ensure right living .Religion stands for an integral development of the personality, a comprehensive view of life. Only human species has the ability to transmit information and knowledge from one generation to the next. This ability has given man his cherished civilization and culture. An enquiring mind naturally seeks for an order, for a unifying principal behind the apparent diversity. It is well known that faith infuses energy and grit, without which no worth while progress in any field of activity is possible. Today we all are at the verge of atomic destruction and when every body is busy in the mad rat race of materialistic pursuit, religious harmony will be a relief .We should make an effort to peep into the prominent religions of the world and find out a secular message for the man kind .Our aim should be to enlighten and educate the masses about all the religions, so that the message of universal brotherhood is spread throughout the world. This is where schools can play an important role.
Incarnations, Saints, Prophets and Sages have appeared in different parts of the world from time to time in order to teach men how to live in harmony. These great souls, on the basis of personal experience explained the essential ideals and values in life and taught how they can be achieved. In addition to their moral and spiritual teachings, almost all the religious teachers and reformers of the world gave out a plan and a system of their own on which human society would best be organized .It was thus that every faith helped to establish customs and conventions, with rites and rituals, amongst the communities of mankind and gave birth to a particular type of civilization and culture which naturally differed from others. This is how different religions came into existence.
India has been home for centuries to all great religions of the world. India is one of the most diverse places in the world geographically, religiously, culturally, and lingual. Religiously, Hinduism, the largest religion in India accounts for 80% of the population; Islam, the second largest religion, accounts for 13% of the population; Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism taken together account for 3% of the population; and Christianity accounts for 2% of the population. Other religions such as Zoroastrianism and Judaism, have a centuries long history in India. Constitutionally, India is a secular and in practice the religious diversity of India extends to highest levels of government. Currently, the Prime Minister of India is a Sikh, the President of India is a Hindu, Vice President of India is a Muslim and the chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) is a Christian.
So, we can say that” India a Model to World for Religious Harmony” every individual stay together help in need in spite of religion. But Is it True?
We are living in a violent consciousness because modern civilization is based on violence. here are constant repetitions of wars; the ceaseless conflict between classes, between peoples; the awful economic and social inequality, the gulf between the rich and poor, and between the developed and developing countries. The present day cycle is known as cycle of violence where violence, war and poverty are cumulatively growing humanity is facing a terrible challenge of its own existence. The present world is faced with many problems – social, political, economical, educational, cultural and Environmental––due to deterioration in values. Human values are eroding at a very fast rate resulting in decline of the quality of education. It is a matter of great concern for all the people, particularly Educators and Social scientists. Peace Education for sustainability plays an important role in building peace and harmony and also in developing nonviolent global sustainable society. Peace Education and teachers are key drivers for attainment of sustainable development.
The principles of sustainable development foster creation of a society where there is mutual respect and responsibility, equity and equality in all dimensions of economic, socio-cultural, physical, environmental and political life. Teachers play a critical role in informing and facilitating trans disciplinary understandings, values, perspectives, commitment and practice of sustainable development.
To bring the religious harmony in the 21st century, we need to encourage youth and also we can bring peace by education .
People who summon the will and courage to protect the life and property of others professing different faiths remain in the vanguard of our movement for secularism The attitude and outlook of youths towards life and society plays a determining role in shaping our destiny and our future. Indian youth can transform India into a developed society by assuming a constructive role in every sphere; be it Information Technology or in the farm sector, engineering or industry, medical science or social reform or even in politics. Youth need to empower self for promotion of a youth movement in the country, with a view towards encouraging the spirit of volunteerism, leadership and sensitivity towards community requirements, from different walks of life.
In five thousand years of civilized human history there have been more than five thousand wars recoded in the history. Other small fights and, local wars are not even recorded. This clearly shows that mankind has not yet come out of his animal instincts. Though we have evolved our self from the animal kingdom but five thousand years of civilization and education has not been able to help the mankind. We continue to harbor animal instincts like fighting, warring and destruction. What are the basic reasons for such a human behavior? Has our education system failed us? Have we failed our self as human beings? How can a school boy shoot his own class mates? How can a school boy kidnap rape and murder his class mate or friend? How can a teacher involve himself with a student romantically? These are some of the questions which we have to ponder over and answer to ourselves. It is seen that countries fight against each other for exactly the same reasons for which they should not fight. The major reasons for wars, disturbances of peace, harmony and terrorism are:
‐Greed for power and dominance.
‐Greed for wealth or lust.
‐Intolerance for others.
‐Lack of acceptance of other caste, creed, colour, community and point of view.
Basically, the role of education is to provide growth, peace, spiritualism and tolerance and acceptance of others point of view. In most of the cases, all over the world, greed for wealth and power are two main reasons which are causing even young minds to get distracted.
Global Harmony requires that all human-beings on the Earth to be in unison or in complete agreement.
At the root of all clashes in opinions at the level of civilization, there are multiple and conflicting ideologies or view-points. When all these view-points are wrong or if any one side is wrong, then struggle among them is inevitable. If all sides are right, in that state struggle is not possible.
We humans are in unison when “right”, and divided when “wrong”. We need to be in unison for “right” to be able to make any progress for global harmony. Global harmony is not possible through invasion or by use of force. It is not possible by way of agitation or protesting against authorities and developed countries either. However, global harmony is possible and realizable through understanding of co-existence. This understanding of co-existence can be developed in every human-being by way of education. With understanding of co-existence, it becomes clear that existential purpose of all human beings is one and the same which is to realize resolution, prosperity, fearlessness (trust), and co-existence.