NAME : Kiran satish karanjkar
Qualification : B.M.S. , pursuing MBA at AMSIMR – Aruna Manharlal Shah Institute Of Management and Research, Ghatkopar West, Mumbai , INDIA

INDIA: THE LAND OF RELIGIOUS HARMONY

25th July 2002, Was the day when one Muslim person became 1st citizen of India that is president of India who, sworn by Hindu Prime Minister Atalbihari wajpayee and he was supported by opposition party leader Sonia Gandhi who is catholic. According to me it is the greatest example of India is the land of religious harmony. In simple glance if I will explain it so it would be ‘All religions mix in India like sugar mix in milk’. An interview had been taken of Rakesh sharma the 1st astronaut of India in that interview one question asked him that “from the space how our India is looking?” So he smartly answered that “our India is looking ‘one’ without any boundaries. So we are the people who divided ourselves”. After 1993 tragedy that interview had been taken so he answered like this but after 20 years of that tragedy we are living in peace and unity. So again we proved that no one can break our unity and no can divide us by our caste, religion, color etc. After all this one question arise in mind that what is the history of India that makes us unite?

On 25th November 2012, the greatest spiritual leader Dalai Lama mentioned that India is a model. Different religious traditions live peacefully and harmoniously, keep this tradition. He described India as ‘Arya Bhumi’.he considered this country spiritually very, very important.

In the last 2000-3000 years, different religious traditions, including Buddhism, Jainism, flourished here. India has great heritage. There is harmony among different religious traditions. India is a land where people of different religious faiths can live peacefully and harmoniously here. India’s tradition is very relevant in today’s world. For thousands of years, India carried the message of ‘Ahimsa’ which was relevant even today. We maintain religious harmony in India very well. But for flourishing this religions it takes lot of time.so how this harmony take place? How many religions came and situated in India? For this here is the answer. India is the “land of spirituality and philosophy”. Religious Diversity and tolerance has been established in India by law as well as custom. Some of the world’s important religions like Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism etc. originated in India. According to the Constitution of India, every citizen of India has the right to spread and worship any religion. Freedom of Religion is thus the fundamental right in our country. Hinduism is often supposed as the world’s oldest religion that can be traced back to the prehistoric times. Later on Buddhism came into existence. Islam originated in the first half of 7th century. Following this, Sikhism came into existence to eradicate the existing beliefs and religious superstitions, thereby alleviating the society from the evils. Although, it is believed that Christianity was there in India since 1st century, yet, the religion made its presence felt after the European Colonization. Apart from these there are still other religions in India like Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Jainism etc. Religion has an important role to play in the lives of the Indians. Different religious practices like worship, rituals etc. are prominent in Indian social life. Every Indian religion has its own unique rituals, ceremonies, festivals, and pilgrimages in conformity with the exclusive principles of the religions. Communalism played a major role in shaping the history of religion in India. The divide and rule policy of the British kept India divide into two parts- the Muslims and the Hindus. It also instigated riots in various parts of India, thereby killing a large number of innocent people. But after the patrician we accepted Pakistani people as our guest and treated as a family member. That’s why they also love India as well as Indian very much but few outsider people for the sake of little benefit they had been trying break our unity. Inspite of their lot of efforts we gave them strong answer that ‘your guns & bullets can’t break our unity’.

There are so many religions in our India who are living so happily, sharing culture, belief, thoughts etc. some of the few religions are over here

Hinduism
Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. Hinduism is world’s third largest religion after Christianity and Islam. Hinduism is the dominant religion in India, where Hindus form about 84 per cent of the total population. Hinduism is also known as “Sanatan Dharma” or the everlasting religion.

Christians
Christianity is one of the prominent religions in India. At present there are about 25 million Christians in India. It is interesting to note that the Christian population in India is more than the entire population of Australia and New Zealand or total population of a number of countries in Europe.

Islam
one of the prominent religions of India, Islam forms about 12 per cent of India’s population. Though India’s contact with Islam had begun much earlier, the real push came in the 8th century when the province of Sindh was conquered. Though the Muslims form only 12 per cent of the total population of India but the influence of Islam on Indian society is much stronger.

Buddhism
At present Buddhism is one of the major world religions. The philosophy of Buddhism is based on the teachings of Lord Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama (563 and 483 BC), a royal prince of Kapilvastu, India. After originating in India, Buddhism spread throughout the Central Asia, Sri Lanka, Tibet, Southeast Asia, as well as the East Asian countries of China, Mongolia, Korea, Japan and Vietnam.

Sikhism
Sikhs form about 2 per cent of Indian population. In comparison to other religions, Sikhism is a younger religion. The word ‘Sikh’ means a disciple and thus Sikhism is essentially the path of discipleship. The true Sikh remains unattached to worldly things.

Jainism
Jains form less than one percent of the Indian population. For centuries, Jains are famous as community of traders and merchants. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan have the highest concentration of Jain population in India. The Jain religion is traced to Vardhamana Mahavira (The Great Hero 599-527 B.C.).

Zoroastrian
Though the total number of Zoroastrians in Indian population is very less yet they continue to be one of the important religious communities of India. According to the 2001 census, there were around 70,000 members of the Zoroastrian faith in India. Most of the Parsis (Zoroastrians) live in Maharashtra (mainly in Mumbai) and the rest in Gujarat.
That’s why at the start of my essay I am mentioned that all religions mixed in India just like sugar in milk. We are respecting each other’s
Views, beliefs, culture and that’s the thing make us unite. Let’s take
Example of saint saibaba he says that “Sabka malik ek hai”, what a
message given by him! In his only four words he unite whole world.
We are always looks for big picture instead of observing this small
as well as powerful thoughts. This thoughts are looks small but
it is so powerful that it can change anyone mindset. So at the last I
would like to add my poetic views about harmony is that

“Truth is one, though
the sages
know it as many.
God is one, though
different
religions
approach
Him differently
Call Him Shiva, Vishnu, Allah, Jesus
or any other form of God that you believe
in.
Our paths may be different.
Our destination
is the same.”