Kaushal Solanki –  BAF(Bachelor in Accounting & Finance) , Perusing MBA at Thakur Institute of Management Studies & Research , Mumbai

“The earth has enough for human needs, but not for human greed”

Said Mahatma Gandhi

 

We are living in a violent consciousness because modern civilization is based on violence. There are constant repetitions of wars; the ceaseless conflict between classes, between peoples; the awful economic and social inequality, the gulf between the rich and poor, and between the developed and developing countries. The present day cycle is known as cycle of violence where violence, war and poverty are cumulatively growing and the social order is known as ‘’violent social order’ humanity is facing a terrible challenge of its own existence.  With the advent of the year 2001, we have entered into the new century and new millennium but the humanity is standing at the crossroad of all the transition process.

• The biggest agenda for 21st century is: How to save the Humanity?

The search for Global Peace: The present world is faced with many problems – social, political, economical, educational, cultural and Environmental––due to deterioration in values. Human values are eroding at a very fast rate resulting in decline of the quality of education. It is a matter of great concern for all the people, particularly Educators and Social scientists. Peace Education for sustainability plays an important role in building peace and harmony and also in developing nonviolent global sustainable society.

Peace Education and teachers are key drivers for attainment of sustainable development. The principles of sustainable development foster creation of a society where there is mutual respect and responsibility, equity and equality in all dimensions of economic, socio-cultural, physical, environmental and political life. Teachers play a critical role in informing and facilitating transdisciplinary understandings, values, perspectives, commitment and practice of sustainable development. Then paper on  “Global Peace & Harmony through Peace Education: Towards 21st Century” is based on based on spiritually guided holistic approach of developing peace consciousness and UNESCO’s Culture of Peace to foster Culture of Peace & nonviolence for future generations  The paper has attempted to highlight the global recognition of Peace Education as a matter of common concern to save the humanity.

 

The main objectives of the Paper are to explore: How Peace Education can best contribute to sustainable development and a peaceful society? What the skills and attitudes are required for Peace Education for Sustainable future?

The paper also explores the possibilities of integrating  Universal Peace Values – Love, Peace, Truth, and Non-violence––in peace education for developing nonviolent global sustainable society.
The value of human life is different to all people throughout the world, some putting more emphasis on it than others. An example of a difference in thought between humans is that some believe the value of human life is much more than that of animals due to the intelligence humans holds. 21st society contains thoughts from all backgrounds due to all mixes and ethnic groups within the world, based upon ideas around the existence of the soul, an omnipotent God and free will.

Christianity explores throughout the bible the idea of the human soul creating value for life. This belief of a soul affects both the value and nature of human life, for the dualist view that Christianity follows assumes that the soul continues existence after life (into heaven or hell). This claim puts a value on life as the way it is lived on earth determines where the soul continues to after death. Most Christians support this dualist idea based upon the teachings within both the Old Testament; “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it” (Ecclesiastes 12:7) and the new testament; “and “And so it is written, the first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.” (1 Corinthians 15:45). However even within the Christian religious there are differences in beliefs of the nature of the soul. The catholic domination defines the soul as “the innermost aspect of humans, that which is of greatest value in them, that by which they are most especially in God’s image (‘soul’ signifies the spiritual principle in humans”) unlike protestants who state the soul is a combination of spirit and body, which follows the idea that the soul has a consciousness of its own. This therefore implies that the existence of the soul is much more necessary to Catholics in determining value of human life.

Concluding remarks:-

The name of Mahatma Gandhi transcends the bounds of race, religion and nation- states, and has emerged as the prophetic voice of the 21st century. he is remembered for his passionate adherence to the practice of non-violence and his supreme humanism. After the great Buddha and Jesus he once again demonstrated that non-violence could also be an effective instruments of social change.

Gandhi successfully demonstrated to a world, weary with wars and continuing destruction that adherence to Truth and Non-violence is not meant for individual behaviour alone but can be applied in global affairs too.

I can do no better than to quote the immortal tribute of India’s first prime minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, at the time of Gandhi’s passing, “The light has gone out of our lives”. Now we have to try and see what we can do with our limitations to overcome what Gandhiji described as the seven social sins:

Politics Without Principles.
Wealth Without Work.
Commerce Without Morality
Education Without Character
Pleasure Without Conscience.
Science Without Humanity.
Worship Without Sacrifice.

We can sum it all up by saying that it was Gandhi who, through his dedication, lifted the country from the British policy of ‘divide and rule’ and let the Indian masses form rivalries to reconciliation and from hostility to harmony. And in this the Mahatma was ably supported by his great disciples- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad and many others.