Jainism prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings.
Great vows – Ahimsa (Non-violence), Satya (Truthfulness), Asteya (Non-stealing), Brahmacharya (Celibacy), Aparigraha (Non-possession, Non-materialism).
The triple gems of Jainism—right vision or view (Samyak Darshana), right knowledge (Samyak Gyana) and right conduct (Samyak Charitra)—provide the path for attaining liberation from the cycles of birth and death.
Holy Places: Parasnath Hill, etc.
Holy Books: Kalpa Sutra, Samaysaar, Niyamsaar, Rayansaar, Ashtpahud, Pravachansaar.
World Population: 4.2 million.
Major presence: India, Suriname Fiji, Kenya, Réunion.